Bank erosion processes along the lower Mekong River
Trieu, Hai Q.
PublisherUniversity of Southampton
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This project conducts an analysis of bank erosion processes on a large, monsoonaffected river, the Lower Mekong River in Laos. The methodological approach taken was to build integrated models of bank erosion processes at three study sites on the Lower Mekong River in Laos (Friendship Bridge, Ang Nyay and Pakse) to simulate processes of (i) groundwater seepage and pore water pressure evolution, (ii) the effect of this on mass-wasting (using the Geo-slope model) and, (iii) fluvial erosion (using a model adapted from Kean and Smith, 2006ab). In all cases the models were parameterised using measured bank geotechnical properties. Across the study sites, a total of 42 simulations were undertaken to represent a wide range of observed flow events. Specifically, 14 selected flow hydrographs (comprising three types: single peak, multiple peak and rapid fall) were evaluated at each of the study sites, such that the influence on bank erosion of the hydrological properties of different monsoon floods could be evaluated. The main findings indicate that although the Mekong is a big river, its dominant bank erosion process is one of slow, gradual, fluvial erosion. This research forms a partial contribution to understanding bank erosion processes operating in the Mekong. It was found that bank stability on the Mekong responses to variations in flood magnitude in ways that are similar to other rivers located within humid temperate areas. However, the Mekong has had the greater stability than these rivers due to its greater bank heights and more consolidated bank materials.