Assessing the potential impacts of climate change on food- and waterborne diseases in Europe
PublisherLuxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union
MetadataShow full item record
Climate change has almost certainly had an impact on Europe, playing a role in the occurrence of severe weather events such as droughts, heat waves and flooding in recent years. Climate change projections for the coming decades make it likely that there will be a further increase in such extreme weather events. Additionally, water scarcity is expected to become an important challenge to EU Member States around the Mediterranean basin, particularly during summers; an increase in heavy rainfall events is predicted for much of central and northern Europe; and higher overall levels of precipitation are anticipated in northern Europe, particularly during winters. In addition, higher overall temperatures are projected for all of Europe. These changes to Europe’s climate will not only impact the European environment and ecosystems but also human health and well-being. Food- and waterborne (FWB) pathogens are known to be particularly sensitive to climatic conditions, and thus public health planning and preparedness activities need to be informed by the potential impacts that climate change could have on FWB disease transmission. In this report, we present the findings of a comprehensive literature review, in which we identify the published links between six FWB pathogens (Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Listeria spp., Norovirus, Salmonella spp. and non-cholera Vibrio spp.) and meteorological and climate variables. The main objective was to assess and understand the potential impacts of climate change on FWB disease transmission in the EU.
Citation“Kistemann, Thomas; Rechenburg, Andrea; Höser, Christoph; Schreiber, Christiane; Frechen, Tobias; Herbst, Susanne. 2012. Assessing the potential impacts of climate change on food- and waterborne diseases in Europe. Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union.”
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged ; European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.Bibl..European Union document