Environmental liability directive
European Commission. Directorate-General for the Environment
PublisherLuxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union
MetadataShow full item record
The natural environment sustains human health, happiness, and economic activity. To safeguard the environment for use and enjoyment today and for future generations and to halt the decline in biodiversity, prevent deterioration in water quality or quantity and to protect the soil, the European Union Member States are committed to prevent damage; and when there is damage, to remedy it. Consequently, in 2004, the Environmental Liability Directive (ELD) was adopted to establish a common framework for the prevention and remediation of environmental damage (e.g. uniform definition of environmental damage, more consistent approach to how it should be remedied, etc.). The ELD is based on the ‘polluter-pays principle’ which makes the polluters that caused the damage liable for implementing the necessary preventive and remediation actions and paying for their costs. Remediation that brings the damaged environment back to the state it would have been in if the damage had not occurred is the general principle. The ELD provides a framework for such assessment of damage and remediation. Thus, by considering the cost of remediation, the ELD aims to create awareness and an incentive for further investments in prevention measures and better environmental practice. All operators who carry out an activity posing environmental risks covered by the ELD are encouraged to assess and take the necessary steps to reduce such risks.
Citation“2013. Environmental liability directive. Luxembourg : Publications Office of the European Union.”
All rights reserved ; European Commission.All rights reserved ; iStockphotoEuropean Union document