Water resilient communities (sustainable water evaluation process)
McKeown, Paul J.
PublisherUniversity of Ulster
MetadataShow full item record
Water Resilience and Water ' Security is of primary importance to society, the economyand the environment at both global and local levels and Sustainable Water ManagementSystems (SWMS) are acknowledged as the way forward to deliver a multifacetedapproach to managing the environmental, economic, and social resource aspects of designfor land development. Therefore, a process model is required to explore the linkages andimplications of utilising existing ad-hoc water saving technologies such as RainwaterHarvesting, Greywater Reuse and Sustainable Drainage Systems. This study provides abalanced alternative from traditional potable water supply and flood alleviationtechniques, by adopting the concept of a secondary water supply, while providing theadded advantage of controlling surface water runoff. However, for an evaluation processmodel to succeed at the planning and design stages there is also a need to have an in-depthunderstanding of not only legislation and policies, but also the complex multi-variablesassociated with site location demographics and key stakeholder preference.This Sustainable Water Evaluation Process (SWEP) was developed to integrate thesecomplex variables by providing a quantative, qualitative and economic model analysis, inline with best management practice, assessed against selection scenarios, as defined by themodel User. During this study the sustainability awareness and attitudinal change andconcerns raised by both stakeholders and expert opinion on engineering and ecologicaldifficulties are addressed through factors that include climate change, economic benefitand social inclusion. Adaptation options within this study illustrate the importance ofaddressing different socio-economic development scenarios. These scenarios have beendemonstrated through a UK case study, which illustrates the advantages, associated withSWMS and reduced utility reliance from the regional network.The outcome of this research demonstrates a process model that is evidence based andprovides, protects and promotes the use of combined S WMS practices at the developmentlevel to meet site specific conditions. The design decisions facilitate User flexibility whileproviding the land use planner, developer and designer with a process model forevaluating current SWMS technologies to provide greater emphasis on improved waterresource management and the socio-economic issues that address Water Resilience andWater Security at the UK National, Regional and Local levels.